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Assessing REIT acquisitions: Balancing risks and rewards

Updated: Jan 3

Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) are companies that own, operate, or finance income-generating real estate, allowing investors to earn profits from these properties. Like companies involved in mergers and acquisitions, REITs acquire properties such as office buildings, shopping centres, or apartment complexes to generate income and increase their value over time.


But are all acquisitions beneficial?


This is where the importance of understanding REITs' terminology comes in, particularly distribution per unit (DPU) and net asset value (NAV) accretive. Let's start by explaining distribution per unit and net asset value in REIT investing.



Distribution per unit refers to the money investors receive for each unit of their REIT investment. It's similar to receiving dividends from stocks. REITs generate income from the properties they own, such as rent from tenants, and distribute this income to investors in regular payments. The distribution per unit tells you how much money you can expect to receive for each unit of your investment.


Net asset value is a term used in REIT investing that represents the total value of the real estate assets owned by the REIT. It's calculated by subtracting the liabilities (such as debts or expenses) from the total value of the REIT's properties. NAV helps investors understand the underlying value of their REIT investment.


So, what does DPU or NAV accretive mean?


Whenever REITs acquire a property, they will release the acquisition details through a press release or company presentation. Within these details, the REITs will forecast whether the acquisition is accretive or dilutive.


Mapletree Logistics Trust press release on executing a DPU accretive acquisition on logistics assets in China, Vietnam and Japan.
Source: Mapletree Logistics Trust's Press Release 22 Nov 2021

An accretive acquisition is an investment that increases the REIT's DPU. This means that the REIT will be able to pay its unitholders a higher dividend after the acquisition.


Several factors can contribute to a DPU accretive acquisition. For example, the acquired property may have a higher rent roll than the REIT's existing properties, leading to a higher net operating income (NOI) and, in turn, a higher DPU. Additionally, if the REIT can acquire the property for a below-market price, the acquisition will be more accretive to the DPU.


By making a DPU accretive acquisition, a REIT essentially purchases income-producing assets that generate more cash flow. This increased cash flow can then be used to pay higher dividends to unitholders. On the other hand, a dilutive acquisition reduces the distribution or value.



Potential accretive acquisition risks to consider


While an accretive acquisition is generally seen as positive, there are important considerations to analyse regarding its impact on the overall acquisition:


1. Overpaying: Acquiring REITs may overpay for a property, resulting in an inflated purchase price that negatively affects financial performance and investor returns.


2. Integration challenges: Integrating a new property into an existing portfolio can present operational and management challenges. If not executed properly, it may lead to disruptions, inefficiencies, or a failure to achieve anticipated synergies.


3. Financial risks: Acquisitions often involve taking on additional debt or issuing new shares, increasing the REIT's leverage and financial risks. This strain on the balance sheet can impact its ability to meet obligations or fund future growth.



4. Diversification concerns: Acquiring properties within the same asset class or geographical location may lead to a lack of portfolio diversification. Concentration in a specific market or sector can increase vulnerability to economic downturns or industry-specific risks.


5. Misalignment with strategy: Acquiring properties that don't align with the REIT's long-term strategy or core competencies can result in a lack of synergies and underperformance. The acquisition should contribute meaningfully to the REIT's overall growth and value creation.


6. Market timing risks: Acquiring properties at the wrong time in the market cycle can have negative consequences. Economic downturns or unfavourable market conditions can diminish the expected benefits of the acquisition and lead to reduced returns.


7. Unrealistic projections: Criticism arises when the anticipated benefits of an accretive acquisition, such as increased distributions, fail to materialize. Unrealistic projections and overly optimistic assumptions can mislead investors and result in disappointment.


Mapletree Logistics Trust's proposed acquisitions are expected to be DPU and NAV accretive but the keyword here is "expected."
Source: Mapletree Logistics Trust's Press Release 22 Nov 2021

These considerations highlight the potential risks and challenges associated with accretive acquisitions in REITs. Thorough due diligence and careful evaluation are essential before making any investment decisions.


Bottom line


In conclusion, understanding the concepts of distribution per unit and net asset value accretive is crucial when assessing the impact of acquisitions in REITs. While accretive acquisitions can be positive, there are important factors to consider. Overpaying for properties, integration challenges, financial risks, lack of diversification, misalignment with strategy, market timing risks, and unrealistic projections can all pose risks to the success of an acquisition. Investors should do their thorough due diligence and careful evaluation to ensure that the acquisition contributes meaningfully to the REIT's growth and value creation.

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